Dr. rer. nat. Jan Langbein

Research Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN)
working group Animal Behaviour & Welfare
Wilhelm-Stahl-Allee 2
18196 Dummerstorf

Research interests

  • Animal husbandry is currently characterized by increasing levels of automation and introduction of advanced self-management systems. Animals have to learn automated routines and processes of different level of complexity. Various studies have shown that animals can learn such procedures often on the basis of associative learning. Until now, a general paradigm in research of learning in animals is to test single individuals in a specific learning environment and under human supervision. We go a different way.
  • To study various aspects of visual discrimination learning in dwarf goats, we apply an approach of individual self controlled learning in normal social setting by using a fully automated, learning device, which is integrated in the animals home pen. This corresponds better with animal learning under husbandry conditions.
  • In a long term project we investigate how goats learn to discriminate simple and complex visual signs and how flexible their learning behaviour and memory is. We search for evidence of higher learning abilities in goats like concept learning (oddity, match to sample). We want to test the influence of external (e.g. management practices) and internal (e.g. dominance status, temperament) factors on learning. Further, we want to quantify stress related to learning – both acute mental stress and long lasting psychological stress. Moreover, we investigate if successful learning of cognitive challenges has a positive effect on animal welfare in the long run (cognitive environmental enrichment). To evaluate stress related to learning online, we apply telemetric measurement of heart beat activity and analyse heart rate and heart rate variability. Other research interests are higher cognitive capabilities and emotions of farm animals, temperament in cattle and spatial-temporal pattern of behaviour of cattle in loose housing systems.

Curriculum Vitae

  • 2002-present: Senior scientist at the Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN) Dummerstorf, Institute of Behavioural Physiology (FBN), Applied Ethlogy Unit
    Research Topics: learning behaviour and cognitive abilities of dwarf goats and pigs; cognitive enrichment; positive emotions; social dominance and aggression; temperament of cattle; analysis of heart rate variability in relation to stress and pain
  • 1997-2001: Institute for Applied Agroecology, Research Group Farm Animal Ecology, Rostock
    Research Topics: mother-young bond in cattle; ethological aspect of farm management of game species; hear rate variability in cattle – indication of stress
  • 1992-1997: Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research (IZW), Berlin
    Research Topics: biorhythms in free ranging large ungulates; perinatal behaviour and mother-lamb relationship in free ranging mouflons; time and space pattern in wild ungulates
  • 1991-1992: Humboldt University of Berlin, Department of Biology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences
    Research Topics: bioacoustics in mammals
  • 1990-1992: Doctoral Thesis (Ph.D.), Humboldt University of Berlin, Department of Biology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences
    "Comparative investigations on the grazing behaviour of cattle (Holstein Friesien and Siboney de Cuba) at the tropical pasture (Cuba)"
  • 1984-1989: Master Thesis (Diplom), Humboldt University of Berlin, Department of Biology, Institute of Behavioural Sciences
    "Investigations on the ontognesis of the function of the thermoregulation system in Cairina moschata peri partum"
  • 1981-1984: Military service
  • 1978-1981: Professional training as cattle breeder
  • Birth date: 21.04.1962, birth place: Staaken (Germany)

Teaching

  • Agrar- und umweltwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Universität Rostock
    Ethology; Behaviour of cattle; Behaviour of swine; Animal welfare

Publications

Alindekon, S.; Rodenburg, T. B.; Langbein, J.; Puppe, B.; Wilmsmeier, O.; Louton, H. (2023):
Setting the stage to tag "n" track: a guideline for implementing, validating and reporting a radio frequency identification system for monitoring resource visit behavior in poultry. Poultry Sci 102 (8): 102799, 1-24"
Langbein, J.; Moreno-Zambrano, M.; Siebert, K. (2023):
How do goats “read” 2D-images of familiar and unfamiliar conspecifics?. Front Psychol 14: 1089566, 1-10
Langbein, J.; Nawroth, C. (2023):
Captive aninmal behavior: Individual differences in learning and cognition and implications on animal welfare Frontiers Media SA, Lausanne (978-2-83251-080-3): 1-105
Langbein, J.; Moreno-Zambrano, M.; Siebert, K. (2022):
Zeigen Ziegen referenzielles Lernen bei der Diskriminierung von Photos von Artgenossen?. In: Aktuelle Arbeiten zur artgemäßen Tierhaltung 2022 (Kuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft e.V., Hrsg.) KTBL, Darmstadt (978-3-945088-94-4): 180-189
Pahl, A.; Rault, J.; Nawroth, C.; McGetrick, J.; Langbein, J. (2022):
Zwergziegen (Capra hircus) zeigen nicht-egoistisches Verhalten in einem neuartigen Fütterungsparadigma. In: Aktuelle Arbeiten zur artgemäßen Tierhaltung 2022 (Kuratorium für Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft e.V., Hrsg.) KTBL, Darmstadt (978-3-945088-94-4): 170-179
Langbein, J.; Nawroth, C. (2022):
Editorial: Captive animal behavior: Individual differences in learning and cognition, and implications on animal welfare. Front Vet Sci 9: 1102122, 1-3
Langbein, J.; Herskin, M.; Dehareng, F.; Kennedy, E.; Rutherford, K.; Velarde, A.; Deiss, V.; Veissier, I. (2022):
Guidelines to apply for ethical approval of animals experiments. In: Methods in cattle physiology and behaviour research - Recommendations from the SmartCow consortium (Sadjad Danesh Mesgaran, René Baumont, Lene Munksgaard, David Humphries, Emer Kennedy, Jan Dijkstra, Richard Dewhurst, Holly Ferguson, Marta Terré und Björn Kuhla, Hrsg.) PUBLISSO, Cologne: 1-12
Finkemeier, M.; Krause, A.; Tuchscherer, A.; Puppe, B.; Langbein, J. (2022):
Personality traits affect learning performance in dwarf goats (Capra hircus). Front Vet Sci 9: 916459, 1-13
Langbein, J.; Borbala, F.; Krause, A.; Maudanz, H.; Melzer, N. (2022):
Different approaches to study emotions and social interactions of farm animals for a deeper understanding of animal welfare. In: Volume 2 of the Proceedings of the joint 12th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research and 6th Seminar on Behavioral Methods (Andrew Spink, Jarosław Barski, Anne-Marie Brouwer, Gernot Riedel, Annesha Sil, Hrsg.) (978-90-74821-94-0): 263-266
Nawroth, C.; Langbein, J.; Puppe, B. (2022):
Swine Cognition. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior (Vonk J., Shackelford T. K., Hrsg.) Springer, 20.05.2022 (978-3-319-55064-0): 1461
Rosenberger, K.; Simmler, M.; Langbein, J.; Nawroth, C.; Keil, N. (2022):
Responsiveness of domesticated goats towards various stressors following long-term cognitive test exposure. PeerJ 10: e12893, 1-25
https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.12893
Nawroth, C.; Rosenberger, K.; Keil, N.; Langbein, J. (2022):
Goats (Capra hircus) From Different Selection Lines Differ in Their Behavioural Flexibility. Front Psychol 12: 796464, 1-7
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.796464
Rosenberger, K.; Simmler, M.; Langbein, J.; Keil, N.; Nawroth, C. (2021):
Performance of goats in a detour and problem-solvins test following long-term cognitive test exposure. Roy Soc Open Sci 8 (10): 210656, 1-15
https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.210656
Melzer, N.; Foris, B.; Langbein, J. (2021):
Validation of a real-time location system for zone assignment and neighbor detection in dairy cow groups. Comput Electron Agr 187: 106280, 1-16
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2021.106280
Nawroth, C.; Rosenberger, K.; Keil, N.; Langbein, J. (2021):
Untersuchungen zum sozialen Lernen bei Ziegen – erste Ergebnisse. KTBL-Schrift 523: 261-263
Rosenberger, K.; Simmler, M.; Langbein, J.; Keil, N.; Nawroth, C. (2021):
Auswirkungen langfristiger kognitiver Stimulation auf das spätere Verhalten von Ziegen in einem räumlichen und einem instrumentellen Kognitionstest. KTBL-Schrift 523: 69-71
Dirksen, N.; Langbein, J.; Schrader, L.; Puppe, B.; Elliffe, D.; Siebert, K.; Röttgen, V.; Matthews, L (2021):
Learned control of urinary reflexes in cattle to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Curr Biol 31 (17): R1033-R1034
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2021.07.011
Fóris, B.; Haas, H.-G.; Langbein, J.; Melzer, N. (2021):
Familiarity influences social networks in dairy cows after regrouping. J Dairy Sci 140 (3): 3485-3494
https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2020-18896
Danesh Mesgaran, S.; Kuhla, B.; Langbein, J. (2020):
Stress and health management. In: Methods in cattle physiology and behaviour research - Recommendations from the SmartCow consortium (Sadjad Danesh Mesgaran, René Baumont, Lene Munksgaard, David Humphries, Emer Kennedy, Jan Dijkstra, Richard Dewhurst, Holly Ferguson, Marta Terré and Björn Kuhla, Hrsg.) PUBLISSO, Cologne: 1-5
https://doi.org/10.5680/mcpb006
Rosenberger, K.; Simmler, M.; Nawroth, C.; Langbein, J.; Keil, N. (2020):
Goats work for food in a contrafreeloading task. Sci Rep-UK 10: 22336, 1-12
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78931-w